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Electronic band structure of rare-earth ferroelastics: theoretical investigations



  1. Department of Material Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Hakkari University 30000, Hakkari, Turkey
  2. Deparment of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Gazi University, 06500, Ankara, Turkey
  3. Nanotechnology Research Center (NANOTAM), Bilkent University, 06800 Bilkent, Ankara, Turkey
  4. nternational Scientific Center, Baku State University, Baku, Azerbaijan


In the present work, the electronic band structure and optical properties of RE2(MoO4)3 are investigated. The ground state energies and electronic structures were calculated using density functional theory (DFT) within the generalized-gradient approximation (GGA). The real and imaginary parts of dielectric functions and hence the optical functions such as energyloss function, the effective number of valance electrons and the effective optical dielectric constant were also calculated. The main structure element in all our of compounds is the MoO4 tetrahedron. The presence of the MoO4 tetrahedra in the lattice of Gd2(MoO4)3, the similarity of the band structure and optical spectra of Gd2(MoO4)3 to those other tetraoxyanions of molybdenium demonstrate an important role of the MoO4 tetrahedra in the formation of the energy spectrum of Gd2(MoO4)3 and other RE2(MoO4)3 compounds. This means that the MoO4 tetrahedra determine the lower edge of the conduction band and the upper edge of the valence band, and the conduction band is split into two subbands. The optical properties of RE2(MoO4)3 are in good agreement with this conclusion and previous experimental data..


ab initio calculation, Rare-Earth Ferroelastics, Electronic structure, Optical properties.

Submitted at: Jan. 16, 2017
Accepted at: Feb. 12, 2018


SEVKET SIMSEK, GOKAY UGUR, SULE UGUR, AMIRULLAH M. MAMEDOV, EKMEL OZBAY, Electronic band structure of rare-earth ferroelastics: theoretical investigations, Journal of Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials Vol. 20, Iss. 1-2, pp. 69-73 (2018)